The United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNHRC) adopted the Joinet-Orentlicher Principles to guide member states in dealing with human rights violations. They deal amongst other things with the inalienable individual and collective right of individuals and communities to know the truth about past events, the duty of the state to preserve and make accessible archives of repression and abuse as part of the collective memory, and the entitlement of individuals to know that there is a record about them, and to challenge its validity by exercising a right of reply.
Related Archival Requirements
United Nations, Economic and Social Council, Commission on Human Rights, (2005) Promotion and Protection of Human Rights: Impunity Report of the Independent Expert to update the Set of Principles to Combat Impunity, Diane Orentlicher, E/CN.4/2005/102/Add.1 8 February 2005
All persons shall be entitled to know whether their name appears in State archives and, if it does, by virtue of their right of access, to challenge the validity of the information concerning them by exercising a right of reply. The challenged document should include a cross-reference to the document challenging its validity and both must be made available together whenever the former is requested. (Principle 17 (b))
Individual rights relating to correction are included in domestic FOI and health records legislation, for example Freedom of Information Act 1982 (Cth) Part V Amendment and Annotation of Personal Records; Freedom of Information Act 1982 (VIC) Part V Amendment of Personal Records, Health Records Act 2001 (VIC) Schedule 1.6. However they do not extend to collective rights.